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STRANGEST Planets In Space!
By: Origins ExplainedPublished: 1 year ago
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Check out the strangest planets in space! These planet discoveries in the universe will definitely get you thinking!
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List of strangest planets in the universe:
10. HD 188753
A planet was discovered to have not one, not two, but three suns glowing in the sky. It is located in HD 188753, a triple-star system located 149 light-years away in the constellation Cygnus. Similar to Luke Skywalker’s home planet of Tatooine that had 2 suns, this Jupiter-like planet must have spectacular sunsets. The main star is similar in mass to our own sun and it orbits very close to it, completing one orbit every 3.5 days. It is still a complete mystery as to how this planet formed in such a complicated setting as the 3 stars would all be pulling it in 3 different directions.
This volcanic inferno was the first rocky planet confirmed to be orbiting another star outside of our solar system.
Known as a Super Earth, it orbits a star 480 light-years away and weighs about 5x the mass of Earth. It is 23x closer to its star than Mercury is to our sun, bringing its surface temperature up to a hellish 4,000 degrees Farenheit (2,200 degrees Celsius).
The same side is always facing the star and the other side is always in shadow, where temperatures can drop to minus 350 F (minus 210 C).
This rocky planet may be the left-over core of a former gas giant whose atmosphere evaporated a long time ago. If so, it would be the first kind of this type of planet.
The extreme heat is so terrible that it can actually vaporize rock. It's atmosphere could have weather systems that cause pebbles to condense out of the air and rain rocks onto the molten surface of the planet. Since it is so close to its star, it is very likely that this planet was once much larger, and is now evaporating before our eyes.
8. TrES-2b: The Dark Planet
Since the Dark Planet is much more memorable name than TrES-2b, we'll just stick with that. This planet is literally darker than coal. Discovered by NASA's Kepler space telescope in 2006, it is the size of Jupiter and orbits a star around 750 light-years from Earth. It's nickname, the ‘Dark Planet’ comes from its unique status as the darkest planetary object in the known Universe. This gas giant is heated to 1800 degrees Farenheit (980 degrees Celsius) , and orbits extremely close to its parent star.
According to current computer models, hot planets like Jupiter that are gas giants could only be as dark as Mercury, which reflects only 10% if sunlight that hits it. It is very strange that the Dark Planet only reflects about 1% of the light that hits it. It is even less reflective than coal and black acrylic paint. If we could see it up-close, it would look like a black ball of gas with a faint red glow.
7. 55 Cancri e – The Diamond Planet
Initially discovered in 2004, 55 Cancri e (also known as Janssen) has been a mystery ever since the first analyses came through about its composition. Approximately the mass of 8 earths, it orbits its host star about 40 light years away from our solar system. Temperatures reach up to 3,100 Fahrenheit, and measurements of a transit captured in 2011 made it possible to calculate its density, and this is where it got interesting. It appears that this planet is actually solid and made up of a carbon-rich material, rather than the oxygen rich material that forms the rocky planets in our solar system. As a result it is very likely that this rocky planet is covered in carbon that has turned into diamond and graphite.
According to the current market value of the diamond, it would be worth $26.9 nonillion. Forbes states that only 0.182% of the planet would need to be mined to pay back the entire debt that has been accumulated by all the governments on earth.
The ‘Wide Area Search for Planets’, also known as WASP, first discovered this planet in 2008, 600 light-years away. It orbits incredibly close to its parent star, about 1/44th of the distance that our planet orbits our sun, giving it a surface temperature of around 2200 degrees Celsius (3992 degree Farenheit). It is the hottest known planet in the Milky Way and it may also be the shortest-lived.
The doomed planet is getting eaten by its parent star and the star's tidal forces are pulling away its atmosphere, turning it into an egg shape.
This is the first time that we have been able to observe a star consuming a planet so clearly.
At the current rate, WASP-12B may be entirely gone within 10 million years.